Although solitary confinement conditions vary from state to state and among correctional facilities, systematic policies and conditions include:


•    Confinement behind a solid steel door for 22 to 24 hours a day

•    Severely limited contact with other human beings

•    Infrequent phone calls and rare non-contact family visits

•    Extremely limited access to rehabilitative or educational programming

•    Grossly inadequate medical and mental health treatment

•    Restricted reading material and personal property

•    Physical torture such as hog-tying, restraint chairs, forced cell extraction 

•    “No-touch torture,” such as sensory deprivation, permanent bright lighting, extreme temperatures, and forced insomnia

•    Chemical torture, such as stun grenades and stun guns 

•    Sexual intimidation and other forms of brutality and humiliation